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A Comparative Study of the Pratimoksha: On the Basis of its Chinese, Tibetan, Sanskrit and Pali Versions

Price : $14.75
ISBN # : 9788120815728
Author : W. Pachow
pages: 256
Edition : Hardcover
Volumes : 1
Publisher : Motilal Banarsidass
Published : 2000

The Pratimoksa is a code of Buddhist monastic disciplinary rules governing the daily conduct and decorum of bhiksus (monks). It was established by the Buddha on various occasions out of necessity. This work discusses the historical cultural, religious and social issues in ancient India in relation to the rationale of formulating particular precepts. Depending on the special circumstances some of the rules may be enforced or suspended. On the basis of this code the Buddhist Sangha has the authority to impose punishment on the offender which ranges from expulsion to sanctions of probation, penance, forfeiture, repentance or confession. By effectively enforcing the code of Pratimoksa and observing the fortnightly recitation ceremony related to this text, the Sangha may attain the fruition of purity, harmony and spiritual liberation.

This study has made an extensive comparison of the various versions belonging to different Buddhist sects in Sanskrit, Pali, Chinese and Tibetan languages. As a sequel it reveals how in a period of several centuries this code had expanded from 218 rules of the Mahasanghikas to 263 of the Sarvastivadins. Viewing the text from the historical perspective one may better understand the significance of the legal, social and religious life of the Buddhist Sangha.

Review 1:
''...a thorough examination of the Buddhist monastic Vinaya rules. The author has carefully studied and compared the Chinese, Tibetan, Sanskrit and Pali versions of the pratimoksa belonging to different Buddhist schools... a valuable contribution to the vast field of Buddhist studies.''
Source: --Hsi Lai Journal of Humanistic Buddhism

This book was added to South Asia bookstore on Monday 19 March, 2012.
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